THE SABBATH: ‘יהושע (Yahshua) Messiah’

THE SABBATH:

‘יהושע (Yahshua) Messiah’

 

So, how did יהושע (Yahshua) Messiah view the Sabbath? That is a topic that so many within the jewdeo-Christian community face, but what they are taught is a lie! They are taught that He violated the Sabbath Commandment, and that He came to remove that Commandment. See, many people see only what they WANT to see, not what they SHOULD see, especially regarding the Laws and Commandments. They believe based upon a major misunderstanding, mis interpretations, and mis teachings, that He came to abolish the law, so they think He ignored or broke the Sabbath Commandment.

Did you know that the Sabbath is mentioned a total of 50 times within the Books of the New Covenant or Testament if you prefer, that is MORE than the entire Torah (the first 5 books of the Holy Scriptures)? So, as we can see there is more than enough historical records of יהושע (Yahshua) Messiah attitude toward the Sabbath. But, to understand the Gospels accounting, however, we must consider how the Sabbath observance had changed or better yet how is had been changed by the serpent seedline, since its inception and subsequent addition to the Commandments.

The observance of the Sabbath Day had undergone an extreme transformation in the centuries leading up to the time of יהושע (Yahshua) Messiah. Earlier in this booklet we took some time and reviewed just how יהוה (Yahweh) warned His Chosen Race Yisra’el not to forget His mighty works and laws. But sad to say, the ancient Israelites’ sad records show that they didn’t even listen. Eventually Yisra’el came to forget יהוה (Yahweh) and thus disintegrated as a nation, dividing into separate kingdoms of Yisra’el and Yahudah (Judah) prior to being taken into captivity by the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires in the eighth and sixth centuries, respectfully. One of the Israelites’ most blatant or even deliberate sins that subsequently lead up to their captivity was violating the law of the Sabbath. Even as the kingdom of Yahudah (Judah) was self-destructing from the behavior of its citizens’ sinful acts and behavior, יהוה (Yahweh) continued to warn them through the prophet Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah) to; “thus said יהוה (Yahweh), “Guard yourselves, and bear no burden on the Sabbath day, nor bring it in by the gates of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), nor take a burden out of your houses on the Sabbath day, nor do any work. And you shall set apart the Sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers, But if you do not obey Me to set apart the Sabbath day, and not to bear a burden when entering the gates of Yerushalayim on the Sabbath day, then I shall kindle a fire in its gates, and it shall consume the palaces of Yerushalayim, and not be quenched.”’” {Jeremiah 17:21-22; 27}. Through the prophet Yehezqel (Ezekiel), while in Babylon after he and much of the kingdom of Yahudah had been taken into captivity, יהוה (Yahweh) stated about the Israelites; “And I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign1 between them and Me, to know that I am יהוה (Yahweh) who sets them apart. “But the house of Yisra’el rebelled against Me in the wilderness. They did not walk in My laws, and they rejected My right-rulings, which, if a man does, he shall live by them. And they greatly profaned My Sabbaths. Then I said I would pour out My wrath on them in the wilderness, to consume them. because they rejected My right-rulings and did not walk in My laws, and they profaned My Sabbaths. For their heart went after their idols”” {Ezekiel 20:12-13; 16}.

יהוה (Yahweh) also stated of His people; “Her priests have done violence to My teaching and they profane My set-apart matters. They have not distinguished between the set-apart and profane, nor have they made known the difference between the unclean and the clean. And they have hidden their eyes from My Sabbaths, and I am profaned in their midst” {Ezekiel 22:26}.

Later, many of the Israelite captives, along with members of the serpent seedline, who were pretending to be Israelites, returned from Babylon and were restored to their (Israelites) former lands several centuries before יהושע (Yahshua) Messiah’s time. They knew because of the messages from Jeremiah and Ezekiel that their (the Israelites) nation had been destroyed for breaking the commands and laws of יהוה (Yahweh) Elohim, and the violation of the Sabbath was one of their chief sins. It should also be noted here that this time and return was also the creation of the Babylonian Talmud that the jews brought with them out of this captivity.

Once the Israelites were restored as a nation, they were determined not to make the same mistake. However, do largely by the infiltration of the serpent seedline, and those who claimed to be Israelites, but were not, the now powerful (within the religious sect) serpent seedline subverted, manipulated regulations that detailed exactly what THEY (jews/Pharisees) considered permissible on the Sabbath. With this infiltration, the true Israelites were once again on the opposite side of the road as far as what יהוה (Yahweh) Elohim commanded, and started following the oppressive legalistic observance of the Sabbath.

The religious authorities, the false Israelites (jews) definition of “work” that could violate the Sabbath command was vastly different from the Israelite definition of work. Becoming more of a tradition of men than a command of יהוה (Yahweh) Elohim. A few examples of this are, plowing was a prohibited work category, and few would dispute that it is difficult work. However, according to the first-century rabbinic (jewish) opinion, the prohibition against plowing could be violated by simply spitting on the ground. The spit hitting the ground, in the view of the jewish rabbis’ view was a type of plowing! Women were forbidden to even look in a mirror on the Sabbath because they might see a grey hair, or one out of place and pull it out or fix it, and that constituted work.

Another example, is the wearing of nailed shoes on the Sabbath day, because of the nails which constituted a burden on the person wearing them. Even one walking through the grass was not permitted because it could bend or break, which constituted threshing, a violation of the forbidden categories of work. The serpent seedline religious leaders taught that if a house was to catch on fire on the Sabbath the inhabitants of that house could not gather their cloths or personal belongings because it was a burden. However, they were permitted to place layers of clothing as much as they could wear and thus save those items from the flames. Now, I have a question with just the few items I have placed here. The question is this, with all those regulations how was a person to get dressed, is that not a burden, or a form of work? How can a person drink, that requires work? Can you see where I am going with this? The serpent seedline, perverted the laws and commands of יהוה (Yahweh) Elohim for their own benefit and greedy little pockets. Therefore, the Messiah and others stated; “Hypocrites! Yeshayahu rightly prophesied about you, saying, ‘This people draw near to Me with their mouth, and respect Me with their lips, but their heart is far from Me.” {Matthew 15:7-8}.

This was the kind of charged, hypercritical religious atmosphere Yahshua entered with His teaching and preaching. Today, without this historical context of how jewish “authorities” had twisted and manipulated Yahweh’s Sabbath commandment, there are many who would draw the wrong conclusions about how Yahshua viewed the Sabbath. The writers of the Gospel accounting records numerous confrontations between Yahshua and the serpent seedline “leaders” of His day concerning the Sabbath. His healing on the Sabbath and His teachings about Sabbath observance stirred and still stir up controversy. But, with a brief view of the Biblical record of His actions and teachings will help you understand how Yahshua viewed the Sabbath.

As we review these accounts of His life, you must keep in mind their chronology. Scriptural scholars generally agree that the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke were written in the first century, from the 50’s through the 70’s, some 20-40 years after the events recorded in them had occurred (John they believe, wrote his Gospel near the end of the first century). If Yahshua intended to change, abolish or annul the Sabbath, that intent should be very apparent in these Gospel writers’ historical recordings of His life. But friends as we will see, there is simply no evidence to support that view.

The first mention of the Sabbath in the life of Yahshua is found in {Luke 4:16}: “And He came to Natsareth, where He had been brought up. And according to His practice, He went into the congregation on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read.” In this, the Gospels’ first mention of the Sabbath, at the very beginning of the Messiah’s ministry, we find that Yahshuas’ custom, His normal activity, was to go “into the congregation on the Sabbath day.” This was not an isolated incident; He would later continue to teach in the synagogue on the Sabbath as well {Mark 6:2; Luke 13:10}. Continuing in Luke’s account: “And the scroll of the prophet Yeshayahu was handed to Him. And having unrolled the scroll, He found the place where it was written: “The Spirit of יהוה is upon Me2, because He has anointed Me to bring the Good News to the poor. He has sent Me to heal the broken-hearted, to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to send away crushed ones with a release, to proclaim the acceptable year of יהוה (Yahweh).3 And having rolled up the scroll, He gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all in the congregation were fixed upon Him. And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been filled in your hearing.” {Luke 4:17-21}. Yahshua quoted Isaiah 61:1-2, which those in the congregation recognized as a prophecy of the messianic age. By saying, “The Spirit of the Master יהוה (Yahweh) is upon Me, because יהוה (Yahweh) has anointed Me to bring good news to the meek. He has sent Me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim release to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound, to proclaim the acceptable year of יהוה (Yahweh), and the day of vengeance of our Elohim, to comfort all who mourn,” Yahshua claimed to be fulfilling this prophecy—and thereby proclaimed Himself the expected Messiah! Yahshua went on to compare His ministry to that of the prophets Elijah and Elisha. The serpent seedline listeners, clearly understanding His meaning, and promptly tried to kill Yahshua for this claim, but He escaped from them {Luke 4:23-30}. This is the first mention of the Sabbath during His ministry. On that day Yahshua the Messiah first proclaimed that He was the prophesied Messiah, introducing His mission as Savior and Lord of all Adamkind. This was a significant event. Nazareth was where He grew up. Now, on that Sabbath, the people of Nazareth were the first to hear, directly from Him, that He was the Messiah. He pointed them to the hope of His future reign the gospel, or good news, in both its present and future fulfillment.

Immediately, Jesus began to use the Sabbath to proclaim the coming Kingdom of Yahweh and to manifest His miraculous power as the Messiah. “And He came down to Kephar Naḥum, a city of Galil, and was teaching them on the Sabbaths. And they were astonished at His teaching, for His word was with authority.” {Luke 4:31-32}. Next, Yahshua ordered a demon out of an Israelite, and those in the congregation “And in the congregation, was a man having a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Ha! What have we to do with You, יהושע (Yahshua) of Natsareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know You, who You are, the Set-apart One of Elohim! And יהושע (Yahshua) rebuked him, saying, “Be silenced, and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him in their midst, it came out of him without hurting him. And astonishment came on all, and they spoke to each other, saying, “What is this word, that with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out?” {Luke 4:33-36}. Yahshua then went to Peter’s house, where He healed Peter’s mother-in-law of a fever. Finally, as the Sabbath day drew to a close, “And rising up from the congregation He went into the house of Shim‛on. But the mother-in-law of Shim‛on was sick with a severe inflammation, and they asked Him concerning her. And standing over her He rebuked the inflammation, and it left her, and instantly rising up she served them. And when the sun was setting, all who had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to Him. And He laid His hands on each one of them and healed them. And also demons were coming out of many, crying out and saying, “You are the Messiah, the Son of Elohim!” And rebuking them, He did not allow them to speak, for they knew that He was the Messiah.” {Luke 4:38-41}. As the Savior, Yahshua understood the purpose of the Sabbath, that it was a perfectly appropriate time to bring His message of healing, hope and redemption to Adamkind and to live that message through His actions. Even the demons recognized that He was the prophesied Messiah (which is the meaning of “Christ,” John 1:41), the promised King and Deliverer. Yahshua used the Sabbath to point His Chosen people to Him as the Healer and Savior of Adamkind.

Pharisees (jewish spiritual leaders) confront Yahshua over His disciples’ actions on the Sabbath Matthew 12:1-8, Mark 2:23-28 and Luke 6:1-5 are passages misconstrued to imply that Yahshua broke the Sabbath commandment. But let’s see what really happened. Mark’s account states: “And it came to be that He went through the grain fields on the Sabbath. And as they went His taught ones began to pluck heads of grain, and the Pharisees said to Him, ‘Look, why do they do what is not right on the Sabbath?’” {Mark 2:23-24}. The Pharisees were an excessively strict branch of judaism holding considerable religious authority during the Messiah’s time. As we saw earlier, they were extreme in their interpretation of what was allowed on the Sabbath. Their question would make it appear that the disciples were hard at work gathering grain on the Sabbath and were confronted by the Pharisees for violating it. Luke’s account clarifies the disciples’ actions: As they “And it came to be on a Sabbath that He went through grain fields,” they “and His taught ones were plucking the heads of grain and were eating, rubbing them with the hands.” {Luke 6:1}. They did this because they were hungry {Matthew 12:1}, not because they were harvesting the field.

Their actions were perfectly acceptable according to the laws Yahweh had given the nation of Israel. As a matter of fact, Yahweh made specific allowance for picking handfuls of grain from another person’s field just as the disciples were doing here {Deuteronomy 23:25}. Yahweh even told His people to leave portions of their fields unharvested so the poor and travelers would be able to eat what was left {Leviticus 19:9-10; 23:22}. The disciples were walking through the field, and as they walked they picked heads of grain, rubbed them in their hands to remove the chaff, then ate the kernels. Requiring almost no effort, this could hardly be construed as work. Yet the Pharisees, who were among the strictest in their rules concerning the Sabbath, viewed the disciples’ actions as “reaping” and “threshing,” which were among the 39 categories of work that was forbidden on that day according to the jewish religious leaders that is. Although these actions did not violate Yahweh’s Sabbath commandment, they did violate the Pharisees’ man-made regulations. The Pharisees viewed the disciples’ conduct as “not lawful on the Sabbath” and criticized them for it.

Yahshua pointed out that King David and his hungry followers, when they were fleeing King Saul’s armies, were given bread that was normally to be eaten only by priests, yet they were guiltless in Yahweh’s sight {Mark 2:25-26}. He also pointed out that even the Israelite priests serving in the temple of Yahweh labored on the Sabbath by conducting worship services and performing sacrifices, but Yahweh held them blameless {Matthew 12:5}. In both examples, the spirit and intent of the law were not broken, and both instances were specifically allowed by Yahweh for the greater good, the Messiah said. He emphasized that Yahweh’s law allowed for mercy, and the jewish Pharisees were completely wrong in elevating their harsh, humanly devised regulations above everything else, including mercy. He said that, because of the Pharisees’ distorted view, they had turned matters upside down. “The Sabbath was made for The Adam, and not The Adam for the Sabbath,” {Mark 2:27} He countered. Because of their narrow, legalistic view of the Sabbath, the seventh day of the week had become a hardship, weighted down with hundreds of rules and regulations. Yahshua, however, pointed out the true purpose of the day intended from its inception: Yahweh created the day to be a blessing, a time for genuine rest from normal labors rather than an unmanageable, overly restrictive burden. It was a time to be enjoyed, not endured. Further, He said the Sabbath was created for all Adamkind, not just for the nation of Israel. Jesus’ teaching in these verses is summarized in The Anchor Bible Dictionary: “At times Jesus is interpreted to have abrogated or suspended the sabbath commandment based on the controversies brought about by sabbath healings and other acts. Careful analysis of the respective passages does not seem to give credence to this interpretation. “The action of plucking ears of grain on the sabbath by the disciples is particularly important in this matter. Jesus makes a foundational pronouncement . . .: ‘The Sabbath was made for man and not man for the sabbath’ {Mark 2:27}. The disciples’ act of plucking grain infringed against the rabbinic halakhah [way to walk, denoting law from tradition] of minute casuistry [case-based reasoning] in which it was forbidden to reap, thresh, winnow, and grind on the Sabbath . . . “Jesus reforms the sabbath and restores it to its rightful place as designed in creation, where the sabbath is made for all mankind and not specifically for Israel, as claimed by normative Judaism . . . It was Yahweh ’s will at creation that the sabbath have the purpose of serving mankind for rest and [to] bring blessing” (1992, Vol. 5, “Sabbath,” p. 855). In this example, we see that Yahshua the Messiah understood and explained the Sabbath’s true intent—that it was created to be a day of rest from normal labors, a blessing and benefit to all Adamkind.

Immediately after the dispute with the jewish Pharisees over the disciples’ plucking grain on the Sabbath, the Gospel accounts record that Yahshua found Himself in another confrontation over what could and could not be lawfully done on the Sabbath {Matthew 12:9-14; Mark 3:1-6; Luke 6:6-11}. The Pharisees’ intolerant regulations went so far as to forbid giving aid to someone who was ill on the Sabbath unless the person’s life was in jeopardy! In the congregations on the Sabbath, Yahshua met a man with a withered, shriveled hand a severe handicap, but not a life-threatening one. “And He said to the man who had the withered hand, ‘Get up to the middle’.” Yahshua told the man {Mark 3:3}. Angered and grieved that their callous, hardened minds were incapable of grasping the most fundamental intent of Yahweh’s law, Yahshua asked those watching, “And He said to them, “Is it right to do good on the Sabbath, or to do evil, to save life or to kill?” But they remained silent. And having looked around on them with displeasure, being grieved at the hardness of their hearts, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out, and his hand was restored as healthy as the other. And the Pharisees went out and immediately plotted with the Herodians against Him, how to destroy Him.” {Mark 3:4-6}.

Rather than learning a vital spiritual lesson about the intent and purpose of both the Sabbath and Yahshua Messiah’s ministry, the Pharisees were infuriated that Yahshua ignored their strict directives. Rather than considering a message of mercy and compassion in applying Yahweh’s law, they conspired to kill the Messenger. Far from annulling the Sabbath, Yahshua demonstrated that the Sabbath is an appropriate time to give aid and comfort to those in need. The Sabbath command didn’t instruct people on what they were to do on that day, just what they were not to do. Yahshua clarified what was acceptable to Yahweh. “How much more worth is a man than a sheep! So, it is right to do good on the Sabbath.”” He declared {Matthew 12:12}. The Pharisees’ legalism had gone far beyond Yahweh’s stated commandment to not work and created a myriad of rules restricting even the very basics of human activity something mind you that Yahweh had never intended. Yet even the Pharisees’ regulations gave way to emergencies like getting a sheep out of a pit on the Sabbath {verse 11}. Yahshua declared that the Sabbath was a day on which good could and should be done. Some who oppose Sabbath observance view Messiah’s statement that “it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath” as ending any distinction of days for rest or other religious purposes. However, to conclude that Yahshua annulled the Sabbath’s unique nature by teaching that it is lawful to do good on it, one must assume that it was originally unlawful to do good on that day. That, as we have seen is clearly not the case. As He frequently rebuked those who criticized Him, doing good was specifically allowed on the Sabbath, as it always had been {Matthew 12:12; Mark 3:4; Luke 6:9}. The Sabbath is a day given by Yahweh for rest and His religious observance, but this does not preclude doing good. Yahshuas’ healing acts on the Sabbath also foreshadowed something much larger the miraculous healings still to come in the messianic age when He will reign over the world. Isaiah prophesied of this time: “Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf be opened. Then the lame shall leap like a deer, and the tongue of the dumb sing, because waters shall burst forth in the wilderness, and streams in the desert.” {Isaiah 35:5-6}. The Savior’s actions on the Sabbath are a clear reminder of that coming time of peace, restoration and healing for all the Sons and Daughters of Adam.

Luke 13:10-17 records another incident of Yahshuas’ healing of a chronically ill person on the Sabbath in the congregation, in this case “and see, there was a woman having a weakening spirit for eighteen years, and was bent over and was unable to straighten up at all.” {Luke 13:11}. Calling her to Him, He laid His hands on her, “And יהושע (Yahshua), seeing her, called her near and said to her, ‘Woman, you are loosened from your weakness’. And He laid His hands on her, and immediately she was straightened up, and praised Elohim.” {Luke 13:12-13}. The crowd, knowing that Yahshua had just violated the jewish narrow, restrictive prohibition against giving aid to an ill person unless the situation were life-threatening, waited to see what would happen next. The people didn’t have to wait long. “But the ruler of the congregation, responding, much displeased that יהושע (Yahshua) had healed on the Sabbath, said to the crowd, “There are six days on which men should work, so come and be healed on them, and not on the Sabbath day.”” {Luke 13:14}. Yahshua would have none of this attitude from these vipers who have stolen all His Father had done. “Hypocrite!” He responded.

“Then the Master answered him and said, ‘Hypocrite! Does not each one of you on the Sabbath loosen his ox or his donkey from the stall, and lead it away to water it? And this one, being a daughter of Aḇraham, whom Satan has bound, look, for eighteen years, should she not be loosened from this bond on the Sabbath?’” {Luke 13:15-17}. Yahshua stressed here that the Sabbath represents a time of liberation, of a releasing from bondage, as we saw in Deuteronomy 5:12-15, and so helps us further understand Yahweh’s intent for Sabbath observance. Even the jewish Pharisees’ strict regulations allowed for the feeding and watering of animals on the Sabbath. If caring for the basic life needs of animals doesn’t break the Fourth Commandment, then how much more is “releasing” by healing appropriate on the Sabbath!

Yahshuas’ example reminds us that the Sabbath is a very appropriate time to visit the sick and elderly, helping them celebrate the day as a time of freedom. As He proclaimed earlier, He came to “The Spirit of יהוה (Yahweh) is upon Me, because He has anointed Me to bring the Good News to the poor. He has sent Me to heal the broken-hearted, to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to send away crushed ones with a release,” {Luke 4:18} thus referring to the glorious freedom and liberty from the spiritual bondage that will be a hallmark of His coming rule as Messiah to the lost sheep of Israel.

The next mention of the Sabbath during the Messiah’s ministry follows in Luke 14:1-6. Rather than in the congregation, this incident took place in the home of one of the rulers of the Pharisee’s where Yahshua had gone to share a meal on the Sabbath.

A man with a chronic health problem came before Him. Jesus pointedly asked the jewish legal experts and Pharisees, “Is it right to heal on the Sabbath?” None answered. Yahshua healed the man, who promptly left the uneasy atmosphere of the gathering {Luke 14:2-4}. “Which of you, having a donkey or an ox that has fallen into a pit, shall not immediately pull him out on the Sabbath day?” Yahshua asked. Again, they had nothing to say {Luke 14:5-6}. Questions such as these had been debated among the jewish religious teachers for years, and even they recognized that the command to rest didn’t include ignoring emergency situations in which life and limb were at stake. Yahshuas’ approach was that when an opportunity to relieve suffering presents itself, the opportunity should be taken. Yahweh’s Sabbath command was never intended to prohibit doing good on that day. Yahshua well knew the heart and core of Yahweh’s law: “Do not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the children of your people. And you shall love your neighbour as yourself. I am יהוה (Yahweh)” {Leviticus 19:18}. Both James and Paul understood that love was the intent and fulfillment of Yahweh’s law {James 2:8; Galatians 5:14}.

Yahshuas’ example showed that every day is to be lived in the spirit and purpose of Yahweh’s law, which is love.

In John 5:1-18 it records a Sabbath healing not mentioned in the other Gospels, thereby adding another dimension to the Messiah’s activities on the Sabbath. In this instance, Yahshua healed a man who had been an invalid for 38 years. “יהושע (Yahshua) said to him, “Rise, take up your bed and walk.’” {John 5:8}

The man was instantly healed, took up the bed on which he had lain and walked away, only to be confronted by the serpent seedline for carrying his mat. “The Yehudim4 (jews) therefore said to him who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath, it is not right for you to take up the bed.” {John 5:10} “He answered them, “He who made me well said to me, ‘Take up your bed and walk.’”, was his reply {John 5:11}.

After determining that it was Yahshua who had performed the healing and told the man to carry his mat, “And because of this the Yehudim persecuted יהושע (Yahshua), and were seeking to kill Him, because He was doing these healings on the Sabbath” {Luke 5:16}. Their view of the Sabbath was so distorted and corrupted that they focused more on their own petty rules and regulations about what could not be carried on the Sabbath than on the wonderful healing of a man’s 38-year affliction! Yahshuas’ response to their accusation of breaking the Sabbath angered His accusers even more. “But יהושע (Yahshua) answered them, ‘My Father works until now, and I work’.” He said. “Because of this, then, the Yehudim were seeking all the more to kill Him, ‘because not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He also called Elohim His own Father, making Himself equal with Elohim.’ {Luke 5:17-18}. Of course, what He broke was not Yahweh’s Sabbath command at all, but the jewish Pharisees’ restrictive regulations regarding what they thought was allowable on the Sabbath. Yahshua would not have broken the Sabbath, because He had earlier pronounced a curse on anyone who, “Whoever, then, breaks one of the least of these commands, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the reign of the heavens; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the reign of the heavens.” {Matthew 5:19}.

Yahweh made the Sabbath as a day of rest for Adamkind, not for Himself. He rested from His work of forming the world on the seventh day to show us that we should also rest from our normal work. But Yahweh continues some work without ceasing. Night and day, seven days a week, He works to bring his Chosen people into His Kingdom. He works to help them grow spiritually on the Sabbath. He works constantly to build a close, personal relationship with His Chosen people. According to the Gospel accounts, Yahshua healed more people on the Sabbath than on any other day. He taught and preached on the Sabbath. Was He sinning? No. His activities were part of Yahweh’s work of helping people understand and ultimately enter the Kingdom of Yahweh and were therefore perfectly acceptable to Yahweh.

In John 7:24 Jesus summed up what should have been obvious to those who criticized Him for healing on the Sabbath: “Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment.” The jewish Pharisees’ narrow, intolerant view (of True Christianity) focused more on outward appearance than anything else. Yahshua reproached them for their emphasis on the physical things while completely neglecting the more important matters such as justice, mercy and faith {Matthew 23:23}.

To illustrate the extremes to which the jewish Pharisees took their views, Yahshua in the preceding verses used the example of circumcision. He pointed out that circumcision, a sign of the covenant between Yahweh and the nation (people) of Israel, could be performed on the Sabbath without breaking it. And if this alteration of one of the 248 parts (by jewish calculation) of the body could be done on the Sabbath, He argued, “Because of this Mosheh5 has given you the circumcision – though it is not from Mosheh, but from the fathers – and you circumcise a man on the Sabbath. If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, so that the Torah of Mosheh should not be broken, are you wroth with Me because I made a man entirely well on the Sabbath?” {John 7:22-23}.

The inconsistency of allowing the ritual of circumcision while outlawing mercy to those who needed healing was to callously disregard the intent of Yahweh’s law, a common practice of the serpent seedline. It was in this context that Yahshua warned His detractors6 in John 7:24, “Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment.” Rather than upholding Yahweh’s law by their added rules and regulations, their distorted view of Yahweh’s commands led them to break the law, according to Yahshua {Matthew 23:3, 28; Mark 7:6-9} yet providing more proof that they are in fact NOT the chosen of Yahweh. “Did not Mosheh give you the Torah? Yet not one of you does the Torah!7 Why do you seek to kill Me?” He told them {John 7:19}, reproving them for their twisted anti-Christian interpretation of Yahweh’s law. They were not keeping the law correctly, and Yahshua restored its proper understanding and practice unto the True House of Israel.

Yahshua used the incident of healing a blind man on the Sabbath in John 9:1-34 to twice proclaim His messiahship. Speaking to His disciples, He said, “It is necessary for Me to work the works of Him who sent Me while it is day – night is coming, when no one is able to work. While I am in the world, I am the light of the world” {John 9:4-5}. He then healed the man of his blindness.

The jewish Pharisees caught up with the recently healed man, then interrogated and intimidated him. “Therefore, some of the Pharisees said, “This Man (Yahshua) is not from Elohim, because He does not guard the Sabbath.” Others said, “How is a man who is a sinner able to do such miracles?” And there was a division among them.” they argued {John 9:16}. The man countered, “The man answered and said to them, “Why, this is a wonder! You do not know where He is from, yet He opened my eyes!” “If this One were not from Elohim, He could have done none at all.” {John 9:30, 33}. Angered at having their authority questioned and their opinions challenged, “They answered and said to him, “You were completely born in sins – and are you teaching us?” And they cast him out.” {John 9:34}. He was condemned as a heretic, cut off from family and friends.

Yahshua sought out the man He had healed. “יהושע (Yahshua) heard that they had cast him out, and when He had found him, He said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of Elohim?” He answered and said, “Who is He, Master, that I might believe in Him?” And יהושע (Yahshua) said to him, “You have both seen Him and He who speaks with you is He.” And he said, “Master, I believe,” and bowed before Him. And יהושע (Yahshua) said, “For judgment I have come into this world, that those not seeing might see, and those seeing might become blind.”” {John 9:35-39}. Yahshua Messiah again made it clear that He was the Messiah, the very Son of Yahweh. In this incident He continued to teach, as He did so many times on the Sabbath, of His redemptive work for the Adamkind.

These accounts summarize the specific activities of Christ on the Sabbath recorded in the four Gospels. As stated earlier, some see only what they want to see in these verses—supposed proof that Jesus broke the Fourth Commandment. However, as the Scriptures actually show, He did no such thing. He did ignore the misguided, restrictive regulations the religious leaders attached to the Sabbath, often showing where they were wrong. But He never broke God’s commandments. Had He done so, He would have sinned {I John 3:4}, yet Jesus never sinned. He lived a sinless life so He could be our perfect sacrifice, the Savior of all mankind {I Peter 2:22; Ephesians 5:2; I John 4:14}.

It would have been unthinkable for Jesus to disobey God’s commandments. He said of Himself, “The Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He [God the Father] does, the Son also does in like manner” {John 5:19}.

What did Yahshua do? In His own words, He did exactly as the Father did. Yet some mistakenly think He came to overturn Yahweh’s holy law and remove it as a standard of guidance and behavior for Adamkind.

“Of Myself I am unable to do any matter. As I hear, I judge, and My judgment is righteous, because I do not seek My own desire, but the desire of the Father who sent Me” He in said {John 5:30}. The Messiah’s motivation was to please the Father. What the Father wanted was most important to Him. “יהושע (Yahshua) said to them, “My food is to do the desire of Him who sent Me, and to accomplish His work.” He told the disciples in {John 4:34}. That was His motivation, His reason for living—to do the will of Yahweh the Father. Through the Messiah’s teaching on the Sabbaths during His earthly ministry, He revealed Yahweh’s will and determined to carry out Yahweh’s work in spite of the extreme opposition and persecution from the heretic jews that came with it, ultimately bringing about His cruel torture and death, by and of the hands of the serpent seedline race.

Yahshua Himself clearly denied that He intended to change, alter or abolish the Sabbath or any part of Yahweh’s law. “Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah or the Prophets8. I did not come to destroy but to complete (fulfill).” {Matthew 5:17}.

The Greek word πληρόω pléroó, translated “fulfill” here, means “to make full, to fill, to fill up . . . to fill to the full” or “to render full” (Thayer’s Greek/English Lexicon of the New Testament, 2005, “Fulfill”). In other words, Yahshua said He came to fill the law to the full or to complete it and make it perfect. How? By showing the spiritual intent and application of Yahweh’s law. His meaning is clear from the remainder of the chapter, where He showed the full spiritual intent of specific commandments. Some distort the meaning of “fulfill” to have Yahshua saying, “I did not come to destroy the law, but to end it by fulfilling it.” That is the jewish teachings and thoughts held within the jewdeo-Christian “Churches”. This is entirely inconsistent with His own words and as such His teachings. Through the remainder of the chapter, He showed that the spiritual application of the law has made it an even higher standard of behavior and thought, not that it was annulled or be no longer necessary.

Yahshua made it clear that He wasn’t abolishing any of Yahweh’s law: “For truly, I say to you, till the heaven and the earth pass away, one yod or one tittle shall by no means pass from the Torah till all be done (fulfilled).” {Matthew 5:18}. Here a different Greek word is used for “fulfilled”— γίνομαι ginomai, meaning “to become, i.e. to come into existence” or “to come to pass” (Thayer’s). Only after everything necessary would come to pass would any of Yahweh’s law pass from existence, said Yahshua. To prevent any possible misunderstanding, He warned those who would try to abolish Yahweh’s law: “Whoever, then, breaks one of the least of these commands, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the Reign of the heavens; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the Reign of the heavens.” {Matthew 5:19}.

Yahshua, by explaining, expanding and exemplifying Yahweh’s law, fulfilled a prophecy of the Messiah found in Isaiah 42:21: “It has delighted יהוה (Yahweh), for the sake of His righteousness, to make the Torah great9 and esteemed.” Yahshua the Messiah did exactly that, showing the true purpose and scope of Yahweh’s Sabbath rest.

“And one of the scribes coming near, hearing them reasoning together, knowing that He had answered them well, asked Him, “Which is the first command of all?” And יהושע (Yahshua) answered him, “The first of all the commands is, ‘Hear, O Yisra’el, יהוה (Yahweh) our Elohim, יהוה (Yahweh) is one. ‘And you shall love יהוה (Yahweh) your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ This is the first command.” {Mark 12:28-30}. Here Yahshua restated the greatest commandment of the Old Testament {see Deuteronomy 6:4-5}. Those who observe the biblical Sabbath strive to obey that commandment, putting Yahweh first in their lives and keeping His command to observe the Sabbath. They will also follow Yahshuas’ instruction: “He who possesses My commands and guards them, it is he who loves Me. And he who loves Me shall be loved by My Father, and I shall love him and manifest Myself to him” {John 14:21}.

Yahshua the Messiah is our10 Lord and Master {Philippians 2:9-11}. He also proclaimed that He is “Lord of the Sabbath” {Mark 2:28}, so we should follow His example in observing the Sabbath—and all Yahweh’s commandments in the exact way He taught and He lived {I John 2:6}.

1 See also Exodus 31:13-17.

2 Isaiah 61:1-3

3 Isaiah 61:1-2; 58:6

4 Notice the spelling Ye not YA

5 Moses

6 jews

7 Matthew 5:20

8 The Law and the Prophets is a term used for the pre-Messianic Scriptures.

9 The Hebrew word גָּדַלgadal, translated “magnify,” literally means “to be or become great”

10 His Chosen Race, not the serpent seedline race

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